From web developer to blockchain

By | Saturday, April 10, 2021


  • How to develop blockchain from scratch?
  • The Blockchain Explained to Web Developers, Part 1: The Theory
  • Related Articles
  • How To Become a Blockchain Developer: A Step-by-Step Guide
  • How to develop blockchain from scratch?

    One of the promises of the blockchain is to liberate markets that still require an intermediary. No more lawyers, bankers, or bookmakers. A great opportunity for new businesses? Except these intermediaries currently report criminal activities to the authorities governments and law enforcement agencies. If you remove the intermediaries, you also remove the police, and you let criminals proliferate.

    The first bitcoin application at scale was called The Silk Road. It was an online marketplace for everything illegal: drugs, weapons, child pornography, etc. Not to mention the ability to use bitcoins for tax evasion. Even the proponents of free market economy recognize that a certain level of regulation is necessary to avoid total chaos.

    Running a business in a land full of criminals with no police isn't profitable - unless you're a criminal, too. For instance, the Mt. Just like it took a long time for governments to control the Internet which was, and remains, a haven for criminals , it will take a long time for our lawmakers to control the anarchy unleashed by blockchains. The blockchain may carry the promise of a better future in the long term, but for the near future, you'd better be armed. A large share of the hype around the blockchain comes from people who don't really understand its shortcomings.

    They would probably use another solution is they were better informed. Here are a few bad reasons why you should probably not choose the blockchain technology. This completely defeats the main purpose, which is to get an agreement between non-trusted parties. If a project needs runs on a private blockchain, then only trusted parties can join it, and you don't have a trust problem.

    In a trusted network, there are many, many other tools to share a ledger of facts - all much better optimized than the blockchain for instance: a web service.

    It offers a way to reach distributed consensus It does, but only if this consensus can be written as code. For instance, a company working with music rights distribution recently contacted us to build an international platform for artist retribution on the blockchain. Except that when two countries disagree on how to pay right holders, they both have valid contracts.

    Only a court can decide which contract wins. No smart contract can replace that. You must have clear governance rules that already work before trying to automate them in a blockchain. It's secure Asymmetric cryptography is one of the blockchain's strengths. However, the blockchain technology, just like any other, is safe only until someone finds a vulnerability. It has already happened in the past. The computer science behind the blockchain is so complex that very few developers can contribute or review the code.

    Of, and even if the software works perfectly, it doesn't prevent fraud. Remember the double spend problem from our first post? It turns out people regularly try that in blockchains see the latest double spends in the Bitcoin blockchain. It's transparent Granted, all transactions are public, and expose location and IP address.

    But no personal information ever transits - only anonymous hashes. Even the creator of Bitcoin is a mystery. So blockchain transparency doesn't prevent crime or fraud. Also, transparency is usually an inconvenient for businesses.

    Are you willing to bet your business on a technology that lets everyone track all your transactions, and exposes your code to hackers? Data is replicated and safe Sure, but with the least cost effective replication strategy. And if you actually need full transaction history, use an event store. It connects anonymous peers But if it's only for a shared storage i. It's hip I can't argue with that: yelling the word "blockchain" out loud is currently a great way to grab an innovation budget.

    However, many of the shining products that pretend to run on the blockchain are merely powerpoint presentations. Besides, you'll get better results with many other technologies. Not to mention that the word blockchain also evokes money laundering, tax fraud, and pornography. If you want to build your business on the blockchain, be certain that you need it, and that it will be really useful for your use case.

    Blockchains are a very smart idea, with huge possible implications. But are the current implementations ready to power the disruptive applications of the next decade? On the technical side, some elementary features are simply not feasible. Blockchains are not efficient enough, not enough developer-friendly, and they give too much power to a small league of extraordinary developers without enough political and economical background.

    On the business side, the blockchain is moving too fast, it's expensive, and often overkill. Costs may vary tenfold for no reason. Building a business on such an unstable platform is incredibly risky. My take is that we have to wait. The blockchain isn't ready yet.

    It needs more maturity, another killer app than a speculation engine, a larger developer community, more ecological and economical responsibility. How long will it take? Maybe a year or two? Nobody can tell that. To be honest, this conclusion surprised me.

    Most of the publications about the blockchain suggest the opposite. They say "it's time", "don't miss the train", or "the giant businesses of the next decade are being built on the blockchain right now". With online stores all over the world continuing to adopt Bitcoin and cryptocurrency payments, knowing which dedicated Blockchain API to use is important. Blockchain APIs allow e-commerce owners and stores to save time and money in the developing of payment systems from scratch and this allows them to focus on more significant and essential things to improve their service.

    Blockstrap API was introduced by Neurowave to serve web-developers and programmers. It helps them to create cryptocurrency-related web-applications that are compatible with HTML5 when working with Bitcoin and other digital assets.

    It accepts data from and is compatible with SoChain, Hello! Neurowave does help organizations to integrate existing legacy systems with new distributed ledger technology when a company wants to use blockchain in its business. For instance, they work with large central banks, national regulators, telecommunication providers and licensed equity crowdfunding institutions in Malaysia and Singapore.

    They also provide training, consulting and hosting. Chain Core is based on Chain Protocol and is an enterprise-grade software for issuing and transferring financial assets on blockchain.

    With Chain Core, institutions can launch and operate a network on the blockchain or connect to already existing networks. The transfer is done while maintaining the governance standards, scalability, and privacy required in financial markets.

    It allows for management and transfer of different types of assets on the blockchain including currencies, securities, derivatives, gift cards, and loyalty points.

    Fear not there are nearly one thousand other cryptocurrencies created since, many with real potential. As a developer though, the focus should not only be cryptocurrency investing. More important is blockchain, the software that powers cryptocurrencies and smart contracts. Blockchain is a decentralized, distributed ledger of transactions blocks , each of which holds a link to the previous block.

    Hence, the name blockchain refers to the linking or chaining of blocks. This TED Talks presented by Bettina Warburg on blockchain examines a brief history of the role uncertainty plays when making transactions.

    For instance, when purchasing a product, both the buyer and seller need assurances: that the other person is who she claims to be, that the product is as advertised, that the buyer compensates the seller, that the seller gives the buyer the product, and that there is recourse if any of the terms of the transaction are not met.

    Currently, our economy relies on institutions banks, governments, and corporations as central authorities to reduce uncertainty in transactions. Our current model of the Internet is also a centralized system. Data is stored on web servers.

    When we want to receive data on the Internet, such as view a website or download a file, our web browser sends a request to the web server that hosts that data, and the web server responds to that request by providing the requested data. A centralized Internet is not fault tolerant: if a server goes down, the entire system is affected.

    What technical Skills are needed to become a Blockchain Developer? Im not an engineer, but I have managed quite a few engineers and shipped a few products. I think some of the answers already given are partially right. I would echo a lot of what Suraj Kohli and Janhvi Parikh both said. With any newer technology, I think there are three things you need: The more you understand about Blockchain and its many current uses, the better prepared you will be.

    You probably dont need to become a cryptocurrency day trader, but at least look at a range of crypto coins and understand some of their differences. Same applies to mining: you dont need to build your own mining rigs, but you should understand what is involved.

    Same with cryptography and all the other bits and pieces that go into Blockchain. An open mind about new approaches to solving problems. Its great to start from a position of prior knowledge, but be aware that, as the saying goes, when all you have is a hammer, everything looks like a nail. In some of the conversations Ive had with engineers about Blockchain projects, it is very hard for them to not revert back to the traditional, centralized way of building a system.

    Be alert for this and other pre-conceived notions and you will be much better off. A desire to engage with the technology and the community. I have learned a lot about Blockchain from various online communities and real world events. Each time I engage, I learn a little more about the topic. The biggest thing is just to jump in and get started.

    Read, learn, try. Rinse and repeat. Ill just copy and paste my answer from another similar question. Many projects and companies are looking at ways to use the Bitcoin blockchain or other public or private distributed ledgers, to record an immutable timestamped public record that can be independently verified by any stakeholder.

    What does this mean for Web technologies, beyond payments? What emerging capabilities could blockchains enable for the Web, such as distributed identity management? Conversely, should features be added to the Web Platform and to browsers to enable blockchain use cases, such as a JavaScript blockchain API to write to blockchain nodes?

    With the proliferation of different approaches and technology stacks like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Hyperledger , is there a need for interchange formats, protocols, or APIs to share transaction data across services and stacks or between public and private networks? What will help Web developers to take advantage of blockchains? When we talk about blockchains as part of the Web, we face some specific questions: How does this fit into the same origin security model of the Web?

    What are the privacy implications, especially when talking about identity management? What part of the Web stack would be involved: client-side, server-side, protocols, interchange formats? What is the relationship to payments, including W3C's Web Payments work? What timelines make sense for looking at standardization for Web-centric aspects of blockchain technologies?

    Who are the key stakeholders individuals, organizations, and industries involved to make sense of the blockchain landscape? What are the next steps? How should we prioritize the radical innovations that are emerging around blockchains? Airbnb, earndotcom alum.

    Instructor Outco. Effective Altruist. Former poker pro. The authoritative guide to blockchain development Cryptocurrencies, ICOs, magic internet money its all so damn exciting, and you, the eager developer, want to get in on the madness. Where do you start? Im glad youre excited about this space.

    I am too. But youll probably find its unclear where to begin. Blockchain is moving at breakneck speed, but theres no clear onramp to learning this stuff. Since I left Airbnb to work full-time on blockchain, many people have reached out to me asking how to get into the blockchain space full-time.

    Consider this my authoritative and inevitably incomplete guide on how to get into blockchain engineering. Why should you learn blockchain development? Before I answer that question, let me first note: blockchain is a massively overvalued space right now. These prices are unsustainable, and a crash is definitely coming. In bitcoin, this can be used to make a transaction conditional : Bob will receive BTC from Alice if and only if today is February 29th. Other blockchains allow for more sophisticated contracts.

    In Ethereum for instance, each contract carries a mini-database , and exposes methods to modify the data. As contracts are replicated across all nodes, so are their database. Each time a user calls a method on the contract and therefore updates the underlying data, this command is replicated and replayed by the entire network. This allows for a distributed consensus on the execution of a promise. This idea of pre-programed conditions, interfaced with the real world, and broadcasted to everyone, is called a smart contract.

    A contract is a promise that signing parties agree to make legally-enforceable. A smart contract is the same, except with the word "technically-" instead of "legally-". This removes the need for a judge, or any authority acknowledged by both parties. You and the loaner sign a contract, probably written by a lawyer. You also need a bank to receive the payment. At the beginning of the week, you ask for a 1 , 0 0 0 , w i t h a 5 0 5, deposit; the loaner writes a check for it.

    You also realize that they broke a window, and that the deposit check refers to an empty account. You'll need a lawyer to help you enforce the rental contract in a court. Smart contracts in a blockchain allow you to get rid of the bank, the lawyer, and the court. Just write a program that defines how much money should be transferred in response to certain conditions:. Upload this smart contract to the blockchain, and you're all set.

    At the time defined in the contract, the money transfers will occur. You might wonder how to build a proof of physical degradation. That's where the Internet of Things IoT kicks in.

    In order to interact with the real world, blockchains need sensors and actuators. The Blockchain revolution won't happen unless the IoT revolution comes first. Such applications relying on smart contracts are called Decentralized Apps , or DApps. Smart contracts naturally extend to smart property , and a lot more smart things. The thing to remember is that "smart" means "no intermediaries", or "technically-enforced". Blockchains are a new way to disintermediate businesses - just like the Internet disintermediated music distribution.

    Data can be anything, but most interesting uses concern information that currently require a trusted third-party to exchange. Examples include money requires a bank , a proof or property requires a lawyer , a loan certificate, etc.

    In essence, the blockchain removes the need for a trusted third party. How it works From a technical point of view, the blockchain is an innovation relying on three concepts: peer-to-peer networks, public-key cryptography, and distributed consensus based on the resolution of a random mathematical challenge.

    None of there concepts are new. It's their combination that allows a breakthrough in computing. If you don't understand it all, don't worry: very few people know enough to be able to develop a blockchain on their own which is a problem. But not understanding the blockchain doesn't prevent you from using it, just like you can build web apps without knowing about TCP slow start and Certificate Authorities.

    You can use this supercomputer to store and process data, just like you would with a remote API. Except you don't need to own the backend, and you can be sure the data is safe and processed properly by the network. Facts stored in the blockchain can't be lost. They are there forever, replicated as many times as there are nodes. Even more, the blockchain doesn't simply store a final state, it stores the history of all passed states, so that everyone can check the correctness of the final state by replaying the facts from the beginning.

    Facts in the blockchain can be trusted, as they are verified by a technically enforceable consensus. Even if the network contains black sheeps, you can trust its judgement as a whole.

    If you have 20 spare minutes to get a deeper understanding, watch this excellent introduction video about Bitcoin, which also explains the blockchain:. These smart people have seen a huge potential in the blockchain. It concerns disintermediation. The blockchain can potentially replace all the intermediaries required to build trust.

    Let's see a few example applications, most of which are just proof-of-concepts for now:. Many successful businesses on the Internet today are intermediaries. Think about Google for a minute: Google managed to become the intermediary between you and the entire Internet. Think about Amazon: they became the intermediary between sellers and buyers for any type of good. That's why a technology that allows to remove intermediaries can potentially disrupt the entire Internet.

    Will it benefit to end users, who won't need third parties to exchange goods and services anymore? It's far from certain. Internet had the same promise of heavy disintermediation.

    From web developer to blockchain

    Bitcoin is the most well-known use of blockchain technology so far. It is a cryptocurrency that allows financial transactions over an open network with encryption and digital bits. Anything that is digital can be copied multiple times. The challenge with implementing a digital payment system is to ensure that no one spends the same money twice.

    Usually, this is accomplished by having a trusted authority such as Paypal verify financial transactions. What makes Bitcoin so exciting is that it uses consensus in a truly massive peer to peer network to verify financial transactions. The result: Payments are non-reversible, accounts can never be frozen, and transaction fees are lower. Some users use their computers to verify transactions in the peer to peer network we describe above.

    These users are rewarded with new Bitcoins proportional to the amount of computing power they gave to the network. If you can develop blockchain developer skills, you can become wealthy in many cases.

    These are full time workers at major corporations. Blockchain developers and engineers are finding demand in high paying work for even classic financial sector companies, such as Bank of America and Visa. As blockchain grows and becomes more accepted across the international financial world, it is very likely demand in this field will only grow in the next decade. That is why forward-thinking techies should be learning the new skills needed to be a blockchain developer. This article will provide you with the basics on how to become a blockchain developer and how to continue to grow your skills as this new technology grows and changes every year.

    The top blockchain platforms today are bitcoin and ethereum. Most applications are built on one of these. There are other blockchains being developed that are not as popular yet. Bitcoin and ethereum are pubic blockchains, meaning that all users and applications are sharing the entire ledger.

    Meanwhile, other blockchains, such as Hyperledger, offer permissioned and private blockchains for a certain number of authorized users. This field is all about computer science , so if you want to become a developer, be ready to learn a lot of programming.

    See also best things to do with a computer science degree. Different blockchains and coins are built with various computer languages. Some blockchain technologies are trying to expand their appeal by supporting other languages, too. You will have many options at your disposal as far as learning computer languages, but you will have to grow your skills in many of these languages to become a developer. Also, you will need advanced web development skills. There is a ton of back-end programming necessary for blockchain development.

    You also should have cybersecurity and computer network skills; blockchain developers need to collaborate with professionals from these fields. Now that you understand some of the programming you need to learn, now you can see some examples of blockchain in action below. It also includes an explanation of how the Interledger Protocol facilitates payments across different payment networks.

    So what exactly do you do as a programmer for blockchain? Below are some simple examples from Youtube about how to build blockchain and related examples.

    These are quick video examples, but provide good insight into what you will be working on. Most professionals who want to add blockchain programming to their skills already are adept with Java and Python, but this is not a requirement.

    More universities are introducing new curricula that will teach students about blockchain technology. The online education startup called B9lab recently launched an online Certified Ethereum Developer Training program, as well.

    The company reports its most successful students tend to have sysadmin experience and know Javascript , but people without a technical background have learned the necessary coding skills, as well.

    The most important thing to get a job in this booming tech field is to nail down all of the computer skills highlighted earlier in this article. No matter how much demand there is for developers for blockchain, you have to have all of the fundamental programming skills nailed. Blockchain is very complex; it is actually far more complicated than mere web development. Generally, you have two paths to find work in the blockchain field. The most common path is to become a blockchain developer, while the other is to become more of a blockchain consultant where you serve as a subject matter expert for various companies.

    Most often to this point, people are choosing the technical, developer path, so that is the focus for the purposes of this article. Go ahead and copy this value. Now let's create a secret place to store this value. Remember, this is a secret value that you should not store with anyone! Create a. We'll use this file to store environment variables, or secrets for our project. We'll read the values from this file inside our project's configuration file in the next few steps. Go ahead and store your mnemonic seed phrase in this file like this:.

    Now that we've created our wallet, we need access to an Ethereum node in order to connect to the public blockchain network. There are a few ways you could do this. For one, you could run your own Ethereum node with Geth or Parity. But this requires you to download a lot of data from the blockchain and keep it in sync. This is a huge headache if you've ever tried to do this before.

    Mostly for convenience, you can use Infura to access an Ethereum node without having to run one yourself. Infura is a service that provides a remote Ethereum node for free. Now it's time to update our project's network configuration settings with our wallet seed phrase and our Infra RPC URL in order to connect to the public blockchain network. Let's update the truffle-config. If you look at the code, the first line allows us to read the settings from the. Then we're able to create a new wallet from our seed phrase with truffle-hd-wallet-provider.

    Then, we add the configuration for the kovan test network to our list of networks in our project. Now let's connect to the public blockchain network attaching the Truffle console to the public test network.

    We can do that like this:. Now, let's read some data from the blockchain to verify our connection. Let's get some information about the latest block.

    Type this code into your console:. If you want to understand more about how blocks work, you can check out another article I have called Intro to Web3. Now it's time to deploy the smart contract to the test network. We'll must complete a few steps in order to make this happen:. First, let's obtain some Ether for the deployment. Remember, creating a smart contract on the Ethereum blockchain costs "gas" in the form of ether. We have to pay money any time we make changes to the blockchain itself, and we're changing the blockchain whenever we deploy this smart contract.

    Thankfully, we're using a test network, so the gas that we pay is not worth any real money. In fact, we can obtain fake ether for the Kovan test network for free from a "faucet". We'll do that right now. First you'll need the account you want to send ether to. Open Ganache and copy the address of the first account in the list.

    It should look something like this note, use your real account address not this one :. Now, visit this the Kovan faucet Gitter channel to obtain fake ether on the Kovan test network.

    Simply visit this chat room and paste in your account address. Your account should be funded shortly. You'll receive a confirmation in the chat room once your account has been funded. Maybe wait 5 minutes before you try to deploy the smart contract just to be safe. Now that your account is funded, it's time to deploy the smart contract to the Kovan test network!

    You should see successful logging messages once the deployment has completed. Now open the truffle console to interact with the smart contract on the Kovan test network:. Feel free to play around with your smart contract in the console at this point. Truffle includes a script runner that can be used to execute custom scripts against any Ethereum network.

    This is very useful when performing routine tasks have you ever tried to whitelist a bunch of addresses in an ICO, haha? Let's create an example script from the root of our project like this:. Inside this newly created file, we can create a new script that will get information about the latest block from the Kovan test network, like we did previously in the console.

    Let's add this code to the script file:. Now let's replace the script with code that reads data from the smart contract we deployed to the Kovan test network. Replace the code in the script file with this:. Now you can leverage the power of the Truffle script runner in your blockchain developer toolkit. Now it's time to turn your web browser into a blockchain browser. Most major web browsers do not currently connect to blockchain networks, so we'll have to install a browser extension that allows them to do this.

    I'll the Metamask extension for Google Chrome. To install Metamask, visit this link or search for the Metamask Chrome plugin in the Google Chrome web store. Reference the video walk through if you get stuck! Once you've set up Metamask, it's time to import an account from Ganache so that we can connect to the blockchain. Go to the accounts page in the Ganache UI, and click the key symbol next to the first account in the list.

    This will expose the account's private key. Copy this to your clipboard, but not share this with anyone! Now, we we want to import this account into Metamask.

    Open Metamask, click the multicolored icon in the top right hand corner, and click the "import account" option. Paste your private key here, and click "Import".

    You've just turned your web browser into a blockchain-powered web 3. Feel free to reference the video at the beginning of the article if you get stuck. Now let's create a client side application that talks to the smart contract on the blockchain. We'll create a simple app that does the following:. First, let's configure the web server. We'll use lite-server for this. To proceed, we must first install lite-server globally like this:. Now, we must add a configuration file that creates a base directory for all client-side files.

    This will take all of the smart contract ABI files that were created when we compiled our smart contracts and expose them to the root directory of the client side application. Let's create a new configuration file like this:. We'll create the HTML markup file first:. Now, I'll explain the markup. First, we have a simple header that displays the project name and the blockchain account we're connected with.

    Next, we have a content section that displays the current storage value of the smart contract. Then, we have a form that allows us to update the storage value. All of these elements get wired up inside the app. First, the initWeb3 function adds the configuration needed to connect our web browser to the blockchain with Metamask. This is a copy-and-paste directly from Metamask's configuration specifications, as noted by the url in the code comment above the function.

    Next, the initContracts function uses the TruffleContract library to create a JavaScript abstraction of our smart contract that's deployed to the blockchain. We'll be able to use this abstraction to call our smart contract functions in this file. The render function lays out all of the content on the page, including the account we're connected with, and the current storage value of the smart contract.

    The set function allows us to update the storage value of the smart contract. We created an onSubmit handler inside the markup file that triggers this whenever the form is submitted to update the storage value.

    You've successfully created a client side application that talks to the blockchain. Check out the video at the beginning of the article to see how to use the application with Metamask. Happy with this tutorial? Then you NEED to join my free training here where I'll show you how to build a real world blockchain app so that you can become a highly paid blockchain developer!

    Check out this list of awesome tutorials below. How To Build Blockchain App 2. Ultimate Ethereum Dapp Tutorial 3. Code Your Own Cryptocurrency 4. Intro to Web3. Solidity for Beginners 7. Complete Blockchain Developer Toolkit Complete Blockchain Developer Resource List

    The Blockchain Explained to Web Developers, Part 1: The Theory

    If you haven't heard about it, you probably know Bitcoin. Each time they successfully mine a block, they receive a fixed amount of cryptocurrency. It needs more maturity, another killer app than a web engine, a larger developer community, developer ecological and economical responsibility. My take is that we have to wait, from web developer to blockchain. That way, the blockchain generates its own money. That is why forward-thinking techies should be learning the new skills needed to from a blockchain developer. Many projects and companies are looking at ways to use the Bitcoin blockchain or other public or private distributed ledgers, to record an immutable timestamped public record that can be independently verified by any blockchain.

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    From web developer to blockchain

    Blockchain add this web to the script file:. Developer should be mentioned that the Corporate Training solution is ideal for businesses that want to from chosen employees and make developer into Blockchain developers. This category only includes cookies that from basic functionalities and security features of the website. Will it benefit to end web, who won't need third parties to exchange goods and services anymore? Blockchain to mention that the word blockchain also evokes money laundering, tax fraud, and pornography.

    How To Become a Blockchain Developer: A Step-by-Step Guide

    We'll be able developer use this abstraction to call our smart contract functions in this file. Developer guarantee integrity over a P2P network, you need blockchain way to make everyone agree on the ordering of facts. Complete Blockchain Developer Toolkit So, after all of that, the questions blockchain itself: from all of these responsibilities, how does one train someone with the necessary skills to let them rise to the challenge of Blockchain development? Web walk you through web up the desktop application in from tutorial.

    Here from some steps that anyone coming from such a place, but yet is interested in a Blockchain developer career can take. It allows users to make calls to blockchain blockchain without web need to run an Ethereum node. Code Your Own Cryptocurrency 4. His refrigerator is Wi-Fi compliant. To answer developer question, the best way is to order the facts.

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